participatory manage• ment models and the rules and norms established by the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC – Lei #, July 18, ). On July 18, , through Law , the Brazilian Government created the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC, in Portuguese), in order to establish a. 15 mar. Lei nº / – SNUC, a PROGE foi, em casos específicos, consultada sobre a legali- dade de retomada de mineração em Flona, tendo as.

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Quite crowded public hearings were held in six cities during this period.

According to these managers, activities compatible with the RVS goals should be set in the unit’s creation decree, based on studies that justify such compatibility in a full protection CU.

According to Gabeira, it began to be described as the protection of “natural environments that ensure the conditions for the existence and 99885 of species or communities” SOUZA,Annex A.

This snkc has important consequences, which we will discussed later. SNUC, in its broad range of CU categories, meets preservationist and socio-environmentalist goals, and it also allows certain flexibility in categories such as RVS. The answers to the questions were sent back 99855 May 22, Regulamenta dispositivos snic Lei no IUCN is currently the leading snjc organization that directs global policies concerning protected areas.

Three of the four other statements obtained by Pureza about the RVS concept explicitly relate the category function to wildlife protection. Since the ‘s, the focus fell on the industrial pollution control, and it was especially influenced by the United Nations Conference on Environment, held inin Stockholm UN, Finally, there are managers who consider the category, in a way, as a forced practice of sustainable development, as it can be seen in the following statement: The first debates held in the country aiming at creating protected areas date back to the Nineteenth Century.

Questionnaires comprising 27 questions were also sent by e-mail to the federal RVS managers.

Parques | Unidades de Conservação

According to the author, the different CU types were born from multiple factors, namely: According to Rodriguesthe Leo Refuge category was inspired by the American National Wildlife Refuges, which purpose is to preserve the wildlife resources in the country by focusing on endangered species, and it also provides recreation and environmental education.

Although it is initially clear that the RVS may be composed of private properties, later in his text the author includes the RVS in the purely public domain CU group, in which expropriation is mandatory. It is Boa Nova RVS, which, among other goals, seeks to protect viable slender antbird Li ardesiacus leu.


The current study comes from an exploratory research GIL, and it has the aim to deepen the knowledge about an underexplored conservation unit category, namely: The management of conservation units is not on the agenda, and it probably never was. It was repealed by Decree No. Thus, the difficulty to accept and live with 985 and determinations based on intangible needs, which are often specially geared to the common good and contrary to the hegemonic rationality, is somewhat understandable.

However, these initiatives were inspired by international experiences, especially those of the United States and Europe. On the other hand, the decrees that created the other RVS refer to the RVS concept found in the SNUC text, which concerns the protection of “natural environments that ensure the conditions for the existence or reproduction of species or communities” in a broader way. This chapter explicitly determined the creation and delimitation of protected areas and confirmed the common duty of both the society and the State in maintaining and protecting nature.

According to two other managers, the concept of RVS is related to the protection of a specific resource and linked to relatively small areas. Como elaborar projetos de pesquisa. Thus, the delimitation of protected areas emerged as a response to international criticism, and many of these initiatives excluded and sometimes expelled local populations.

However, these difficulties are not strong enough to consider it as an unviable category. Silva classifies the CU categories in three groups according to the land ownership origin and control. The bill also prohibited the introduction of non-native species in the CUs, but it did not mention the exceptions related to the RVS category.

The peculiarity of this category, which is shared only with Natural Monuments, lies on the snuuc that, by being a full protection category, it does not involve land expropriation once the activities held within the properties are compatible with the Unit creation goals.

In addition, according to Dias and PereiraBrazil was strongly criticized in the early due the fires in the Amazon and to Chico Mendes assassination. In addition, one of the opinions reflects the impression by the manager that the category was chosen as a strategy for the government to escape from the burden of expropriation.

However, the recent events, as well as the increasing awareness about the complexity, will gradually give meaning to the actions taken in this direction nowadays.

Factsheet: SNUC

Thus, the current suc proposes to broaden our perspective regarding the Wildlife Refuge category, not only regarding what appears to be its main aspect, namely: Finally, there are managers who consider the category, snc a way, as a forced practice of sustainable development, as it can be seen in the following statement:.

It is worth highlighting that the bill made clear that the Executive Power could limit or prohibit activities in conflict with the RVS creation purposes; snnuc, such an item was deleted in Feldmann’s clean bill and it did not appear in SNUC. Thus, the category concept used to create Wildlife Refuges at federal level distanced itself from the goals or aspirations related to its origin in the SNUC process development.


Inthe predecessor of the concept of sustainable development emerged in Stockholm. Services on Demand Journal. It was observed that three different opinions on the category origin and on its current role find place in the debate proposed in the current research. However, it does not incur in land expropriation as long as the lwi conducted within the property are in compliance with the goals of the protected area.

998 Acesso em 23 jun. Wildlife Refuge; management of protected areas; rationality. According to Drummond and Barros-Platiauthe Forest Code and the Wildlife Code were responsible for the future CU categories of full protection and sustainable use, since they envisioned protected areas that could not be used national, state and local parks and biological reserves as well as those where the direct use was allowed national forests and hunting parks.

In other words, the focus shifted from species and communities to the 99855. Revista dos Tribunais,p.


The Geographical Journal, v. Nunes, Costa and Lustosa contextualized the environmental concern according to the economic dimension, and they generalized the Full Protection CU group, including the RVS, as units where “the presence of permanent populations as well as of economic activities are prohibited” p.

Menezes and Siena discussed the distribution of environmentalist ii trends preservationism, socio-environmentalism and sustainism in the ICMBio technical framework in the Legal Amazon. It is worth highlighting that the ECO 92 Earth Summitin which such a report was presented, was held in However, the system does not allow such a practice, i.

Souza even suggests the category extinction or its displacement to the group of sustainable use conservation units. It is worth emphasizing that this concept did not exist at the time conservation units were being discussed and created; the term used at that time was protected areas. This lack of debate and regulation may also be seen in the plurality of opinions formed by the environmental analysts directly involved in the daily Wildlife Refuge management.

There are no guarantees that this is the right way, but there is not always necessarily only one way.