The Arthashastra is the title of a handbook for running an empire, written by Kautilya (also known as Chanakya, c. BCE) an Indian. Arthashastra, the treatise on Economic Administration was written by Kautilya in the 4th century before Christ. It consists of 15 chapter, Shlokas and INTRODUCTION PURUSHARTAS MEANING OF ARTHA MEANING OF ARTHASHASTRA KAUTILYA ROLE OF ARTHASHASTRA IN.
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According to him, there is stability if rulers are responsive, responsible, accountable, removable, and recallable, otherwise there would be instability. Newer Post Older Post Home.
The Arthashastra equates political governance with economic governance. Out of fear for his kaugilya destruction, he should avoid unripe ones, which give rise to revolts. As one plucks one ripe fruit after another from a garden, so should the king from his kingdom.
A ruler who administers justice on the basis of four principles: The jargon related to Human Arhashastra Management was not prevalent then, but its essence was widely practised in Kautilya’s times. He is the author of IBSA: In Arthashastra, Kautilya mixes the harsh pragmatism for which he is famed with compassion for the poor, for slaves, and for women.
Tax collection and ripe fruits As one plucks one ripe fruit after another from a garden, so should the king from his kingdom. The cardinal principle of economic administration was laid down in Kautilya’s Arthshastra in the following words – ” The root of wealth is economic activity and lack of it brings material distress.
With respect to taxes on agriculture, avoid extremes of either complete absence of taxes or exorbitant kahtilya. Policy Public policy arthashasgra Domestic and usmmary policy Kautklya society Public interest. Scholars state that the Arthashastra was influential in Asian history. Those who lack integrity in financial matters or fall for the lure arthashatra money must not be in revenue collection or treasury, states the text, and those who lack integrity in sexual relationships must not be appointed to Vihara services pleasure grounds.
He suggested built-in checks and balances in systems and procedures for the containment of malpractices. Though the general impression is that Kautilya had not written much about economics, the fact is that Kautilya by taking a holistic and integrated approach to governance, had provided a new dimension to the field of economics, which unfortunately has remained neglected all this time.
At night the owl kills the crow The time of fight is important. The same individual is meant in each case. More recent scholarship presents a more nuanced reception for the text. Try Upaya four strategies. Avoid War One can lose a war as easily as one can win.
From hearing sruti ensues knowledge; from knowledge, application yoga is possible; and from application, self-possession atmavatta is arfhashastra. Other scriptures Bhagavad Gita Agamas. In the s, fragmented sections of a north Indian version of Arthashastra were discovered in form of a Devanagari manuscript in a Jain akutilya in Patan kautilyw, Gujarat.
Kautilya’s Arthashastra depicts a bureaucratic welfare state, in fact some kind of socialized monarchy, in which the central government administers the details of the economy for the common good He strongly encouraged foreign trade, basing it on the premise that for a successful trade contract to be established, it had to be beneficial to all.
The Purohit claims the text must be one who is well educated in the Vedas and its six Angas. The goals of the secret service, in Arthashastra, was to test the integrity of government officials, spy on cartels and population for conspiracy, to monitor hostile kingdoms suspected of preparing for war or in war against the state, to check spying and propaganda wars by hostile states, to destabilize enemy states, to get rid of troublesome powerful people who could not be challenged openly.
To kautllya a ruling oligarchy, sumkary chiefs of the [enemy’s] ruling council infatuated with women possessed of great beauty and youth.
This work was published before January 1,and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least arthahastra ago. But as economic objectives are not realised in the absence of political ones, then political governance becomes an end and economic governance the means.
After all, rising powers will increasingly be called upon not only to take a seat at the high table, but also to provide thought leadership about how to deal with global challenges effectively.
Kautilya, The Machiavelli of India – Education Today News
Whatever pleases him personally, he shall not consider as good, but whatever makes his subjects happy, he shall consider good. His Arthashastra text recommended that no means were on the far side scope of a ruler to expand his territory or obtain power as well as the unscrupulous ethics of permitting torture, trickery, deceit, and spying as legitimate suggests, to realize territory, wealth and power.
Without government, rises disorder as in the Matsya nyayamud bhavayati proverb on law of fishes. Kautilya studied at one of the world’s oldest universities, Takshasila University.
Shama Shastri aroused much interest and a fierce debate about its composition ensued among scholars. Shamasastry Table of Contents.
Kautilya’s Arthashastra: Quick overview
Political science political scientists. It mentions the Ajivikas as an important sect a feature of Mauryan timessangha polities and the administrative structure reflected in the text does not match any other historical period.
In yet another parallel to Machiavelli, Kautilya argues the national interest should override moral principles “inasmuch the moral order depends upon the arthashastraa existence of the state. The authorship and date of writing are unknown, and there is evidence that the surviving manuscripts are not original and have been modified in their history but were most likely completed in the available form between 2nd-century BCE to 3rd-century CE.
This article is the first in a series of articles which will deal the Arthashastra and what it has to say about statecraft and military kautioya although the Arthashastra contains information on the administration of the state and economy. Selections in Translationed. After Chandragupta’s conquest of many tribes, his famous grandson Ashoka BC was able to consolidate the empire further.
The Arthashastra – A Treatise on Statecraft and Military Strategy
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A dog on land drags a crocodile. Shamasastrywho published it in The Arthashastra dedicates many chapters on the need, methods artbashastra goals of secret service, and how to build then use a network of spies that work for the state.
Journal of the American Oriental Society.